New Delhi: The Akhil Bhartiya Gramin Uthan Samiti (ABGUS) is a voluntary civil society organisation working in various areas of social welfare. ABGUS, in support of Hindustan Unilever Limited (HUL) has inaugurated a Water Management Project in Dhingi village of Nabha Block in Patiala District, Punjab. This wastewater management project was aimed to recycle the wastewater and reuse it for irrigation and groundwater recharge along with rainwater harvesting.
In India, villages are facing acute water scarcity for domestic and agriculture activities. Water-intensive crops, low water efficiency, and unregulated groundwater are the main factors that account for agriculture water demand. The increasing level of water pollution has also played a key role in the unsustainability of the water supply. Such challenges have major consequences concerning water and might worsen the situation in the future. By analysing the need and importance of sustainable water management, ABGUS has been continuously working in the fields of water conservation and water management.
Domestic waste-water from the village flows into the pond at Dhingi, which is about one acre in size. Keeping the two main objectives of the project, first “recycling & reusing the treated wastewater for irrigation”, and second, “preventing further contamination of groundwater”, the Seechewal Model of wastewater management was proposed by ABGUS.
The project was planned to implement a combination of various processes through four-well systems of wastewater treatment for reuse, other than human consumption, such as irrigation and gardening. Introduced by Sant Baba Balbir Singh Seechewal, it is a primary treatment used in Seechewal, Punjab which removes heavy solid particles, oil separation, and remaining material from water. The water wells need to be cleaned regularly; otherwise, they produce very poor effluents with high suspended solids content, which can be detrimental to the constructed wetland and cause clogging of beds. To ensure continuous effective operation, the accumulative material therefore must be emptied periodically.
On the successful completion of the project, Rajesh Verma, Chief Functionary & Secretary, Akhil Bhartiya Gramin Uthan Samiti said, “Benefiting around 350 households and a total of 2,755 people, the project will reduce the usage of freshwater by providing an option of treated water to farmers aiming at water sustainability with appropriate technologies of Water Recycle-Reuse-Recharge.”
Further adding to this, he also said that the project has engaged, empowered, and evolved community sustained processes for water management and the strengthened community collectives. The capacitated community-based organisation for watershed management will jointly work with secondary and tertiary stakeholders for water sustainability in the village.